Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from quite a few associated forms of garments originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 from your Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are loose, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Company rule in India.[seven]
The worldwide usage of pajamas (the term and the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth generations, plus the British affect on the wider Western planet through the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they quickly fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western entire world as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is employed by several people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a excellent many Many others through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it's due to White Ants."
Classic pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers mix fabricated from gentle material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket factor usually provides a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] Many individuals decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys in many cases are sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night time suits.
Some pajamas element a drop seat (also called a entice door or zenske pidzame butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats had been quite common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but during the early twenty-1st century They are really instead unusual.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are many variations in type which include brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration, or, once in a while, a person-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various components. Chiefly from the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Usually worn by kids, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and may be footed.
Whilst pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they have occasionally integrated the latter as being a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a kind of brief dress leading above shorts or quick pants.
Pajamas could right now confer with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become common while in the zenske pidzame early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.